"So, what is Medical Cannabis?"

Cannabis

The Cannabis plant is probably one of the worlds most famous plants. There is well documented evidence that it has been in continuous human use for over 8,000 years. Some of the things it has been grown for are food, medicine, building materials, paper, clothes, rope, ships sails and of course, in more recent times; as an illegal narcotic.

Cannabis is a dioecious plant meaning that it has male and female flowers on separate plants. It gets its name from the Latin canna and falls into the category of Anemophilous plants; meaning they are pollinated by wind. It is because of this, that the cannabis plant has managed to spread to every continent. In doing so, it has evolved three distinct varieties;

  • Sativa
  • Indica
  • Rudealis

For many years, Hemp fibre, made from the stalks of the Cannabis plant, was the biggest market for Cannabis. As a result, farmers have always favoured varieties that grew taller and faster to produce more fibre. Smaller plants with flowers and leaves were not favoured. 

All three varieties contain compounds known as Cannabinoids. These compounds are found in the resin that is produced almost exclusively on the female plants. The reason for this is simple; the female flower uses the resin to catch the male pollen blowing in the wind. When a female plant begins to mature this is when it starts to produce its Cannabinoids. If the male plant had resin on its flowers, they would not be able to release their pollen into the wind properly and would struggle to reproduce!

It is this resin that has been the product from the plant that has been sold as a narcotic for many years; either as dried flower or by extracting the resin known as hash. Although there are over 60 seperate Cannabinoids contained in this resin, there are primarily two that are of interest to both medical and illicit Cannabis users; THC (Tetrahydracannbinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol). In all three varieties, CBD is by far the most widely produced Cannabinoid making up between 75-99.5% of the total content of the resin.

THC is the compound we associate both with the legal high and with the primary Therapeutic Medical effects.

Love it or hate it, you can’t escape it; Cannabis is one of the most versatile plants on the planet. Its not all just stoners hearsay either; in more recent years, science has caught up with what many Cannabis consumers world wide have known for years. We now know that the human body has actually evolved to work with some of the compounds found in the Cannabis plant. It is this interaction where we derive some of the therapeutic benefits of the plant.

The Cannabis plant 

The Endocannbonoid system was discover  in the 1990 and even though much has been learnt since, there is still much research underway.

Note: Cannabis/Hemp oil and Cannabidiol (CBD) are not the same thing. Hemp oil is formed separately inside the female flowers tops following fertilisation and contain zero cannabinoids. Because cannabis seeds and their oil contain zero THC or CBD, they are completely legal to produce and sell.

Medical Cannabis Inspection
Medical Cannabis under inspection

THC

THC (Tetrahyracannabinol) was first discovered in 1962. It was then it was identified as the primary active command found in the Cannabis plant and has since been the subject of much research and its discovery. Plants that have high levels of THC in their resin have therefore become popular for plant breeders wanting to produce illicit Cannabis. As a result, modern day hybrid varieties can produce THC levels over over 20%.

One factor that has had an impact on the yield and strength of Cannabis more than anything is indoor growing. By utilising artificial light, a grower can select only female plants and then prevent them from being pollinated by keeping them in doors. This, coupled with control over the lighting phases, nutrients and other environmental factors; means that the grower is able to produce much higher quantise of both CBD and THC (depending on the variety).

In more recent years, GW Pharmaceuticals became the first company to successfully develop a THC based medicine now licensed as Sativex©.

THC Forumula
Medical Cannabis cultivation
Indoor Medical Cannabis Cultivation

Medical Cannabis

So, what is ‘Medical Cannabis’? Well, that is a good question. Medical Cannabis is simply Cannabis.

CBD Molecule

CBD (Cannabidiol)

CBD (Cannabidiol) was first discovered in 1962. It was then it was identified as the primary active command found in the cannabis plant and has since been the subject of much research its discovery. Plants that have high levels of THC in their resin have therefore become popular for plant breeders wanting to produce illicit cannabis. As a result, modern day hybrid varieties can produce THC levels over over 20%.

High factor that has had an impact on the yield and strength of cannabis more than anything is indoor growing. By utilising artificial light, a grower can select only female plants and then prevent them from being pollinated by keeping them in doors. This, coupled with control over the lighting phases, nutrients and other environmental factors; means that the grower is able to produce much higher quantise of both CBD and THC (depending on the variety)

In more recent years, GW Pharmaceuticals became the first company to successfully develop a THC based medicine now licenced as Sativex©

Hemp

So, what is Hemp then? Hemp is essentially the common English word for Cannabis. It is effectively come to distinguished as separate from Medical or Narcotic Cannabis for the reason that the plant varieties that are allowed to be grown for hemp; contain virtually no THC or any other narcotic compounds.

Hemp is now grown on a commercial scale in may countries around the world. China is the worlds largest producer with France currently the leading EU country for hemp farming.

Well, you’ve all heard of a rose but how many people? Well, thats quite a difficult question to answer, but essentially, in the same way all plants have a Latin name and their actually name Hemp is a product that comes from the Cannabis plant. 

Medical Cannabis cultivation

What is it and where does it come from?

Imports

We are able to supply a range of Medical Canabis products in both Flower and Oil form from the following manufacturers:

  • Bedrocan
  • Tilray
  • Khieron
  • Althea
  • and many more. If you are a prescriber looking for a particular product, we can help with that too!

Home Grown

We are very excited to be able to offer a range of U.K. manufactured Medical Cannabis Products.

At this time, we are able to offer oils from Adven which are manufactured in the North East of England. Obver time, we hope to add to the list of domestically produced products so please keep checking back to see what is available

Want to keep up to date on the latest Medical Cannabis News?

Cannabis is quite rightly now the focus of world attention for all the right reasons.  Many countries such as the UK are starting to legalise access to cannabis and as a result there is a rapidly growing industry. With so much going on there are a multitude of information sources such as blogs, Facebooks, groups, industry leaders, social influencer, healthcare professionals, professional instituions and so on.

So that you can always quickly find a reliable source of cannabis related news or information, we have put together a resources list. The list is for websites that we feel will be of use to anyone using our services or who are just interested Cannabis in general. If you have any suggestions to add to the list, please contact us here.

If you would like to know more about the products we dispense and how much they cost, please contact us today

Company Information

Registered Office:
15 Cannon Street
Preston
Lancashire
England PR1 3NR
GPhC Site Registration: 9011522

Superintendent Pharmacist

Mr Simon Smith
GPhC Registration: 2024372
email: superintendent@cannabliss.co.uk

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